Paragraph of the textbook. With e lect ronic s prea dshee ts, aud it adju stme nts nee d only be e ntere d once – in the supporting sche dule. The adjustments are then automat ically ref lected in lead schedules and in the working trial balance through equations entered in app rop ria te cel ls. The cell equat ion s “li nk” the wor kpa per s suc h tha t an adjustment need be entered only once in order for all affected workpapers to be automatically updated.
Pe rm an en t fi le s co nt ai n in fo rm at io n th at is of a co nt in ui ng in te re st to th e auditor. A permanent file typi cally contains (1) copies or abstr acts of significant company documents and (2) auditor- or client-prepared information on accounts. Current-year files contain working papers prepared to support the assertions embodied in the financial statements. Cl ien t perso nne l may prep are wor kin g paper s to re duc e the time spe nt by the auditor on the engagement. When client personne l prepare working papers, the auditor should give the clie nt personnel detailed instr uctions.
Working papers prepared by the client should be identified as PBC (prepared by client) and should involve no decision ma king. The auditor should te st completed working papers against underlying documentation. The lea d sched ule, es pecia lly on la rger en gage ments, is desi gned to br idge th e gap between the working trial balance and the general ledger by listing all gen era l led ger ac cou nts tha t are rep ort ed as one acc oun t in the fin anc ial statements. Supporting schedul es is a term for working pa pers that support the. Amounts presented in the financial statements by providing support for a detailed account on a lead schedule.
Supporting schedules rep resent the bulk of working papers. In gene ral, a p roper ly pre pared w orki ng pape r should meet f irm pol icy, have a prop er head ing, clearly indicat e the work perf orme d, clea rly meet the audit objective for which it was designed, and clearly state the auditors’ conclusion. The prio r yea r’s audi t wor kin g pap ers are a us efu l gui de to staff assi sta nts because the audit procedures performed in the prior year usually are similar to tho se of the cur ren t ye ar. By refe rr ing to las t ye ar’ s wor kin g pap ers, the assistant can see how the procedures were documented and is given a possible format for organizing t he current year’s worki ng paper. In addition, excepti ons noted in last year’s working papers may alert the assistant to possible problems in the current year.
Solutions manual to Fundamentals of Database Systems, 5E Ramez Elmasri,Shamkant B. Solutions manual fundamentals of financial management, concise 6th edition by Brigham, Houston 139. Test Bank for fundamentals of financial management, concise 6th edition by Brigham, Houston 140. 1 International Auditing Overview 1.14 Questions, Exercises and Cases QUESTIONS 1.2 Auditing through World History 1-1. Identify and briefly discuss factors that have created the demand for international auditing. The practice of modern auditing dates back to the beginning of the modern corporation at the dawn of the Industrial Revolution.
Finally, the prior ye ar’s working papers contain informat ion substantiating the beginning balances for the current year. The more comm on types of audit worki ng papers and their prin cipa l purposes may be summarized as follows: (1). – wor kin g pap ers tha t pro vid e sup por t for specific representations made in the financial statements, such as letters of repr esent atio ns from clie nts, lawy ers’ lett ers, audit confi rmat ions, and copies of the contracts.
Audi t working pape rs are the propert y of the audit or; howev er, they must not violate the confidential relationship between client and auditors by making the papers available to outsiders or even to the client’s employees without specific permission from the client. Ref er t o pa ge 53 5, 1.
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